}rȒWTcc1E%٭>vw:E@BP0._14_U EYGsmKfVVVVf\rvDFcW'DQ5C@/_=)UvN"Diɤ2iT?R㥇u[IZ +:Tz=YMB;6u{ s2f~`qwO);wGn0E-A!7"Z\P˪b-CB;AɩI;&kJ-Wr|UȲ7|WUZ _ sh!#!*Z)ᒂc2BZa>g:JMyLw zQx>7-wmu:@IqXH U٧Cϫw<Z)$㣽#'iȎ dZPC/>~½(4Uik׶܏gQH,Bcl:ŒQBL0_dG-6 P#r:s["HԷPOV xL1ZI7( p ZO~-&9Oؤ0r=9Q8!Xv _E.& [h)\(DA#b%&72xJˤ-7|(NULbo_C-^ʑ~eajHYޔue{SJ֢l䀿]6ɄǜB˝::+R^9pCT*${O[R\GZugMSsB[5QH7ڮ54 '_Jcz:K7>oR~n  Vpo zTUS8Ɉ1[mT#D) _R}'ץ4 NH߿4 1_5[c!DlF~>V(=UX<d(jYjmX4AP0ȃ֚fZ/=HSȿ둈\h8RitS!Ksg&}ت!6%u<=Sb<1d]``wSxG}OǶieu;9J(,UrRz*]ʺJײWUSe\\**=.~A U4a_Vt.slgzr9&˙O93g! G}gm8lP1٭c>πXiܶ8ʁov56ۍIMk}~r:z?:rWw)mcT!3T˅7 `Qj,,:QAhH l`󠁆5&z}Q /6K+s)PWٔ |>I3slSALI)zϦfH޵-@(KraWEz,/P I#6AԎI_T܄6 ZiBF{݋ (63Rhjy1pM-q0-Zu`sP3/T-k |Cฤ|96f9'eEBݐsE\0@91o("UT#!iH){ +\DH"pO9e mKl!+ mZE?(cG]ˮ%E!~k-Bzk3w- D&4J $SuRg+Ec'H)YW))z2 5-!aAdi)Pvs?y׃7ԪVO~|}R2,9%lqPҬazlĕ 򁥪08d\ /a@Qr0w <0wB{.R@˩eAt`՝fCTB c(]逓ihrl:ύCOF]H(B.Z6b6H'Bs]-LLa"uU+W Wb蟛_sCzȞ/OOu2 &\:]vvˮF)h\sB\,[MSxl_74DӂYmֻfcfWB&ϛCncZ+Ñ>m-w=['"{Ny.aa ^*ʳ7 n Yi'0+Z@EvA5-?RxM;Ra(g3$Mq >yaaAtw̐̓6+W>G5|>a~ -#I.Ǧ, *NZ1jJkm4;jwksDm%ѕ$8"TOj- #fZ~F8QB<gTçĐ FkĉPs*^8H9f85w?6 q0۠8Jptrp(p`\bmVR?97rqC<g]iHu;(\.\ɔӸAC'ɸ; s=~^YQC# rB E](1gF!SbŔNZ`&P) NҼh`[j`}VnK+?qz03bpg)3}{eXQ2x-4UAs%J DЇC iRtΗnc<^kȄΛ>b>q -XXzxvƸKS'Cy Vh?~]2pً^!r XC~]$IJϱB ^[rkyLQ> =.]HPl<ܟ βX@ۆ2lP2-!Lb0Dw'^ۭ.ީ0Ohq]Ua 3G#ROR:^'n_!gMqil-%~B]!0aNltV-ߊioEQ;@HB Xi 7kBw4$Y56 Uu4 DMrVb,d?eCJt, >/w z-. FiibCOdF`UDža,TA*od UZ!AzSPV&;Gr<4:iuΠhk1Kw֛f|zccT]N֓:fvG@7]\-Z;^?0\-hݪV@u][ ?Dm` ysy cS@l %x NP!09G.yϑ" 1E q4I A7B&X Xbe - xxp*N:qB#tw=3(Hbd3E@p]ra "( D09[ ipD`2<Ptx` A]i|ű9OT;SfqB!PJ@>ekzz_Qma$>8ГU^ ~Lmӈ jF#9G43"9t`BlU-JX"#&`?5MP!0(Tm/x,@xWB+r=PsY~0зjTWp*pRiBBe@! E_԰bczg9IM}084 ϳRAg<_eäCЧ2/,U K5K0+,ը)ANޝa;0A #T 6*ɔqE).ͮmǤW۴ZUCoWiF"E c/8k]~#"s> Km;3>t:Y |b=V }h;K)bG緄L7e0d+iu RQ- ޴zBʨ>ַT nHxitl ډc!-\}i$?TpLm/Af?>Π`IAkb0 *B e uw5HQ*K^IaMqTAXpͦL~O'y&vÈ&8"T/ Nawgp@TT3fPw*c.4FB20Aay\"|p };[퐓!g@ 6ƠØ12X3%`0s2 : 1y-$"A] N/_Oʓ AdnA˚zQvi ̍nڏi?fMn9Q;@HwYIeI9AEp /@)Ԍ\Ś=!Y_yl0dj;\?,8 %PbM2fվpc!E)Ra \tܖyTA<1PćP6NKO `qAO5O$QZ;DZzL܏&_ J%)FAhwCwkt&X^oLJkz؈MgԞz$HX2mG".+ 0yE?ď%;qF cAxU1u)FXwjt'smw"!)&7@EV_X!J;J rs`eQ)̧bDc0Ax3'޺t>t-*'#+Tf9w4 pDi47 }d:4݁dUZn{@^m:t|U'ݛ0eX^\ 14H<"aKT;zZ:m.o C.VŗoVvAt>.faĤv^(R/U?^Q< +۩[r-K&UQhzl'Gh|<;/Ф#6^Wխ݅ T>-JQ |haoR09u x]({Kur<fym<|ilaŰ]A5r]stDɛyzը:\*bM#>2(,wX+~HeO +H]owc8Dŏ$̓ j,xR\f%D]?3s!T2RSUrGKTu}[!iU|\.&݁Iǖ1X**0 s-0mC|>xbŊ/v'rR K>$KT$[t};x{lG8͓mI<=y%%7HNd\D%gTU+I2Kguf.x<՗<O`[.O2Ep\vQ%Y(vFJ.,I̶{NxvVӨzPliV[FUi{z)>njCkTZ VٜZ"liOHA$?/^ڐE{ũo 0,g6 ךBJVF.(cReU7Y"f~;iڝE$D:i"IڅXhˍ(uw\ ?1` University of Oklahoma College of Law: A Chronology of US Historical Documents: The US Constitution }rȒWTcc1E%٭>vw:E@BP0._14_U EYGsmKfVVVVf\rvDFcW'DQ5C@/_=)UvN"Diɤ2iT?R㥇u[IZ +:Tz=YMB;6u{ s2f~`qwO);wGn0E-A!7"Z\P˪b-CB;AɩI;&kJ-Wr|UȲ7|WUZ _ sh!#!*Z)ᒂc2BZa>g:JMyLw zQx>7-wmu:@IqXH U٧Cϫw<Z)$㣽#'iȎ dZPC/>~½(4Uik׶܏gQH,Bcl:ŒQBL0_dG-6 P#r:s["HԷPOV xL1ZI7( p ZO~-&9Oؤ0r=9Q8!Xv _E.& [h)\(DA#b%&72xJˤ-7|(NULbo_C-^ʑ~eajHYޔue{SJ֢l䀿]6ɄǜB˝::+R^9pCT*${O[R\GZugMSsB[5QH7ڮ54 '_Jcz:K7>oR~n  Vpo zTUS8Ɉ1[mT#D) _R}'ץ4 NH߿4 1_5[c!DlF~>V(=UX<d(jYjmX4AP0ȃ֚fZ/=HSȿ둈\h8RitS!Ksg&}ت!6%u<=Sb<1d]``wSxG}OǶieu;9J(,UrRz*]ʺJײWUSe\\**=.~A U4a_Vt.slgzr9&˙O93g! G}gm8lP1٭c>πXiܶ8ʁov56ۍIMk}~r:z?:rWw)mcT!3T˅7 `Qj,,:QAhH l`󠁆5&z}Q /6K+s)PWٔ |>I3slSALI)zϦfH޵-@(KraWEz,/P I#6AԎI_T܄6 ZiBF{݋ (63Rhjy1pM-q0-Zu`sP3/T-k |Cฤ|96f9'eEBݐsE\0@91o("UT#!iH){ +\DH"pO9e mKl!+ mZE?(cG]ˮ%E!~k-Bzk3w- D&4J $SuRg+Ec'H)YW))z2 5-!aAdi)Pvs?y׃7ԪVO~|}R2,9%lqPҬazlĕ 򁥪08d\ /a@Qr0w <0wB{.R@˩eAt`՝fCTB c(]逓ihrl:ύCOF]H(B.Z6b6H'Bs]-LLa"uU+W Wb蟛_sCzȞ/OOu2 &\:]vvˮF)h\sB\,[MSxl_74DӂYmֻfcfWB&ϛCncZ+Ñ>m-w=['"{Ny.aa ^*ʳ7 n Yi'0+Z@EvA5-?RxM;Ra(g3$Mq >yaaAtw̐̓6+W>G5|>a~ -#I.Ǧ, *NZ1jJkm4;jwksDm%ѕ$8"TOj- #fZ~F8QB<gTçĐ FkĉPs*^8H9f85w?6 q0۠8Jptrp(p`\bmVR?97rqC<g]iHu;(\.\ɔӸAC'ɸ; s=~^YQC# rB E](1gF!SbŔNZ`&P) NҼh`[j`}VnK+?qz03bpg)3}{eXQ2x-4UAs%J DЇC iRtΗnc<^kȄΛ>b>q -XXzxvƸKS'Cy Vh?~]2pً^!r XC~]$IJϱB ^[rkyLQ> =.]HPl<ܟ βX@ۆ2lP2-!Lb0Dw'^ۭ.ީ0Ohq]Ua 3G#ROR:^'n_!gMqil-%~B]!0aNltV-ߊioEQ;@HB Xi 7kBw4$Y56 Uu4 DMrVb,d?eCJt, >/w z-. FiibCOdF`UDža,TA*od UZ!AzSPV&;Gr<4:iuΠhk1Kw֛f|zccT]N֓:fvG@7]\-Z;^?0\-hݪV@u][ ?Dm` ysy cS@l %x NP!09G.yϑ" 1E q4I A7B&X Xbe - xxp*N:qB#tw=3(Hbd3E@p]ra "( D09[ ipD`2<Ptx` A]i|ű9OT;SfqB!PJ@>ekzz_Qma$>8ГU^ ~Lmӈ jF#9G43"9t`BlU-JX"#&`?5MP!0(Tm/x,@xWB+r=PsY~0зjTWp*pRiBBe@! E_԰bczg9IM}084 ϳRAg<_eäCЧ2/,U K5K0+,ը)ANޝa;0A #T 6*ɔqE).ͮmǤW۴ZUCoWiF"E c/8k]~#"s> Km;3>t:Y |b=V }h;K)bG緄L7e0d+iu RQ- ޴zBʨ>ַT nHxitl ډc!-\}i$?TpLm/Af?>Π`IAkb0 *B e uw5HQ*K^IaMqTAXpͦL~O'y&vÈ&8"T/ Nawgp@TT3fPw*c.4FB20Aay\"|p };[퐓!g@ 6ƠØ12X3%`0s2 : 1y-$"A] N/_Oʓ AdnA˚zQvi ̍nڏi?fMn9Q;@HwYIeI9AEp /@)Ԍ\Ś=!Y_yl0dj;\?,8 %PbM2fվpc!E)Ra \tܖyTA<1PćP6NKO `qAO5O$QZ;DZzL܏&_ J%)FAhwCwkt&X^oLJkz؈MgԞz$HX2mG".+ 0yE?ď%;qF cAxU1u)FXwjt'smw"!)&7@EV_X!J;J rs`eQ)̧bDc0Ax3'޺t>t-*'#+Tf9w4 pDi47 }d:4݁dUZn{@^m:t|U'ݛ0eX^\ 14H<"aKT;zZ:m.o C.VŗoVvAt>.faĤv^(R/U?^Q< +۩[r-K&UQhzl'Gh|<;/Ф#6^Wխ݅ T>-JQ |haoR09u x]({Kur<fym<|ilaŰ]A5r]stDɛyzը:\*bM#>2(,wX+~HeO +H]owc8Dŏ$̓ j,xR\f%D]?3s!T2RSUrGKTu}[!iU|\.&݁Iǖ1X**0 s-0mC|>xbŊ/v'rR K>$KT$[t};x{lG8͓mI<=y%%7HNd\D%gTU+I2Kguf.x<՗<O`[.O2Ep\vQ%Y(vFJ.,I̶{NxvVӨzPliV[FUi{z)>njCkTZ VٜZ"liOHA$?/^ڐE{ũo 0,g6 ךBJVF.(cReU7Y"f~;iڝE$D:i"IڅXhˍ(uw\ ?1`

The US Constitution

Welcome to The University of Oklahoma Law Center's US Constitution page! We hope you find it useful!

This copy of the Constitution was originally obtained from the US House of Representatives Web server at http://www.house.gov/ (opens in a new window); however, its HTML markup has been extensively modified by the OU Law ITS staff. As a result, most of the HTML markup is copyright The University of Oklahoma Law Center.

Educational/non-profit/government organizations may use this free of charge as they see fit; if you want to use it in a commercial/for-profit venture, please obtain your own copy of the Constitution and do your own HTML markup.

If you wish to link to it, please use the URL http://www.law.ou.edu/ushistory/constitution/

}rȒWTcc1E%٭>vw:E@BP0._14_U EYGsmKfVVVVf\rvDFcW'DQ5C@/_=)UvN"Diɤ2iT?R㥇u[IZ +:Tz=YMB;6u{ s2f~`qwO);wGn0E-A!7"Z\P˪b-CB;AɩI;&kJ-Wr|UȲ7|WUZ _ sh!#!*Z)ᒂc2BZa>g:JMyLw zQx>7-wmu:@IqXH U٧Cϫw<Z)$㣽#'iȎ dZPC/>~½(4Uik׶܏gQH,Bcl:ŒQBL0_dG-6 P#r:s["HԷPOV xL1ZI7( p ZO~-&9Oؤ0r=9Q8!Xv _E.& [h)\(DA#b%&72xJˤ-7|(NULbo_C-^ʑ~eajHYޔue{SJ֢l䀿]6ɄǜB˝::+R^9pCT*${O[R\GZugMSsB[5QH7ڮ54 '_Jcz:K7>oR~n  Vpo zTUS8Ɉ1[mT#D) _R}'ץ4 NH߿4 1_5[c!DlF~>V(=UX<d(jYjmX4AP0ȃ֚fZ/=HSȿ둈\h8RitS!Ksg&}ت!6%u<=Sb<1d]``wSxG}OǶieu;9J(,UrRz*]ʺJײWUSe\\**=.~A U4a_Vt.slgzr9&˙O93g! G}gm8lP1٭c>πXiܶ8ʁov56ۍIMk}~r:z?:rWw)mcT!3T˅7 `Qj,,:QAhH l`󠁆5&z}Q /6K+s)PWٔ |>I3slSALI)zϦfH޵-@(KraWEz,/P I#6AԎI_T܄6 ZiBF{݋ (63Rhjy1pM-q0-Zu`sP3/T-k |Cฤ|96f9'eEBݐsE\0@91o("UT#!iH){ +\DH"pO9e mKl!+ mZE?(cG]ˮ%E!~k-Bzk3w- D&4J $SuRg+Ec'H)YW))z2 5-!aAdi)Pvs?y׃7ԪVO~|}R2,9%lqPҬazlĕ 򁥪08d\ /a@Qr0w <0wB{.R@˩eAt`՝fCTB c(]逓ihrl:ύCOF]H(B.Z6b6H'Bs]-LLa"uU+W Wb蟛_sCzȞ/OOu2 &\:]vvˮF)h\sB\,[MSxl_74DӂYmֻfcfWB&ϛCncZ+Ñ>m-w=['"{Ny.aa ^*ʳ7 n Yi'0+Z@EvA5-?RxM;Ra(g3$Mq >yaaAtw̐̓6+W>G5|>a~ -#I.Ǧ, *NZ1jJkm4;jwksDm%ѕ$8"TOj- #fZ~F8QB<gTçĐ FkĉPs*^8H9f85w?6 q0۠8Jptrp(p`\bmVR?97rqC<g]iHu;(\.\ɔӸAC'ɸ; s=~^YQC# rB E](1gF!SbŔNZ`&P) NҼh`[j`}VnK+?qz03bpg)3}{eXQ2x-4UAs%J DЇC iRtΗnc<^kȄΛ>b>q -XXzxvƸKS'Cy Vh?~]2pً^!r XC~]$IJϱB ^[rkyLQ> =.]HPl<ܟ βX@ۆ2lP2-!Lb0Dw'^ۭ.ީ0Ohq]Ua 3G#ROR:^'n_!gMqil-%~B]!0aNltV-ߊioEQ;@HB Xi 7kBw4$Y56 Uu4 DMrVb,d?eCJt, >/w z-. FiibCOdF`UDža,TA*od UZ!AzSPV&;Gr<4:iuΠhk1Kw֛f|zccT]N֓:fvG@7]\-Z;^?0\-hݪV@u][ ?Dm` ysy cS@l %x NP!09G.yϑ" 1E q4I A7B&X Xbe - xxp*N:qB#tw=3(Hbd3E@p]ra "( D09[ ipD`2<Ptx` A]i|ű9OT;SfqB!PJ@>ekzz_Qma$>8ГU^ ~Lmӈ jF#9G43"9t`BlU-JX"#&`?5MP!0(Tm/x,@xWB+r=PsY~0зjTWp*pRiBBe@! E_԰bczg9IM}084 ϳRAg<_eäCЧ2/,U K5K0+,ը)ANޝa;0A #T 6*ɔqE).ͮmǤW۴ZUCoWiF"E c/8k]~#"s> Km;3>t:Y |b=V }h;K)bG緄L7e0d+iu RQ- ޴zBʨ>ַT nHxitl ډc!-\}i$?TpLm/Af?>Π`IAkb0 *B e uw5HQ*K^IaMqTAXpͦL~O'y&vÈ&8"T/ Nawgp@TT3fPw*c.4FB20Aay\"|p };[퐓!g@ 6ƠØ12X3%`0s2 : 1y-$"A] N/_Oʓ AdnA˚zQvi ̍nڏi?fMn9Q;@HwYIeI9AEp /@)Ԍ\Ś=!Y_yl0dj;\?,8 %PbM2fվpc!E)Ra \tܖyTA<1PćP6NKO `qAO5O$QZ;DZzL܏&_ J%)FAhwCwkt&X^oLJkz؈MgԞz$HX2mG".+ 0yE?ď%;qF cAxU1u)FXwjt'smw"!)&7@EV_X!J;J rs`eQ)̧bDc0Ax3'޺t>t-*'#+Tf9w4 pDi47 }d:4݁dUZn{@^m:t|U'ݛ0eX^\ 14H<"aKT;zZ:m.o C.VŗoVvAt>.faĤv^(R/U?^Q< +۩[r-K&UQhzl'Gh|<;/Ф#6^Wխ݅ T>-JQ |haoR09u x]({Kur<fym<|ilaŰ]A5r]stDɛyzը:\*bM#>2(,wX+~HeO +H]owc8Dŏ$̓ j,xR\f%D]?3s!T2RSUrGKTu}[!iU|\.&݁Iǖ1X**0 s-0mC|>xbŊ/v'rR K>$KT$[t};x{lG8͓mI<=y%%7HNd\D%gTU+I2Kguf.x<՗<O`[.O2Ep\vQ%Y(vFJ.,I̶{NxvVӨzPliV[FUi{z)>njCkTZ VٜZ"liOHA$?/^ڐE{ũo 0,g6 ךBJVF.(cReU7Y"f~;iڝE$D:i"IڅXhˍ(uw\ ?1`