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R`ddWzc(%R?f A XƎ"*}y EIJ2"/@@]Kg68͈br.eM;O 2%[<M z{ߟݏۚ(߶\/J@Ջ`>}JH10a rM}DpE5 Ma#u&d=PތbS1P!;ʡ&ȝ0Fl$V\RPtjP9;}vmHVrƆL4G H(qmb/dDk zNg(ʨ}FHΓ.4݅e3 j=/ H9Q@B"0Z F$$HVQrOrz1Xvby+bAQH`}Z #xw% 'dhR@TJQhXF ltJiJ '^= LKHXbY`sZF T@>sO#U1-MU'7o>9t}::J2,9%lqPҬazl 򁥪08d\/a@8Qr cwG13yϤb:.]4D VJj6D%|ˡ0;8q??ѕ8)+݌;*f8[dԕę.e+8ftօ"ȴہV )RP%*r5P{ VHۛ̌z57dInL(`jUG5f!Md.t@1b--Ml3`TUd%Dj%6fv ͵llY::mk:-2p[癀WS̰-[ظQ3%E 5Ӛ͘+Qh > Y Kì}΋\Vz;>Q1hl|:?J 6u}%}H!Eʝ%77ɘ֓InD:ř YgL Dž <ÃP6YF! &ԇ a`7} CӝX$ 8>6=96׿$7/\iٕ#‚-+ww>M0tKZjsv6mUN[VkjmV[Nasq&9oxŭb@bXj7D)yw*Hٸ(NQmWk-";5<%7=p}o֬:ko.9s B^j7*ՏNvO ^rfS+R{M1w*#-*ٞah$*F 1QNj+xe)n#m x5ۏ+&I!4ޜJ["- M00jIha+Eb9yqjmgGrp6PS). :' ݕ,X-uH`y05`s/i5>atVMB*s* @cQ5 &j.$n(+Kgϋ^ އ% tRگ#}0Xֶq{av UP{( [()pհVHm4^(.ۗIOm֚[ZYkY]kLz#tu=3(Hbd3A@p]ra 6 "( D09 ipD`2<Ptx` A]i|ű9O'T52 wЁ⊉=TcC$8}$ "֔ &7Qma$>w8УVCz:٬vYٯjnmGri~WSf:0L!6ҪUF]PXΑ7MP!0(Tm/x8@xWB r b ٬Va{5K@R8쁏T8X4s!2h Ð"Bj1l5dzc$G9W&IVj-HU07Lg"@40Uлaf ;[b0%Vܹ0 }tk.#a4[& PEht{fVn=; Jc)u{gGp:}QGDfhG@^>g%>%wf\t:Y |b=V }h;K)bG緄7e1d+iu RQ-%޳zBʨ>ַT .HxetlOsım|V .tpGLGzs jl6fhj˨v{fgV;*z{^nCz}}lM޲ (*W[ߒ'&VT3EJU{/Uз"g:ETkʯwq-1ǴMQ st/d%E}@Ǜxp xˑa'98h@}Q!?Z*bwl@N^FRfEwk5ͪfm aZfh5i֫cwǚksǒ1!4-ݣQ_^黭O'Q\$fh~ 0!)ucL XsGŅITPIR(\5]=;gARYOzgO. lK:ku&fU߸~k2+~k>K n# B!0`~DO5k,#>NdLe VH&6(,kWԒ#aOsgˠr!_D\~+d`m :! ~x(5f 'Sx[J(pX. ͠s|/גHBh(?)@(<Ak@FmjUֺ-)ݵni?d]n9Q;@HwYIeI/9ADp 'jFb ԿL/m6ZCc Kc UkS([_jdL]j-XH&tQTXxr5]$E.U~O ԦXG2!4M:Jv,JTVn-cwsRyId*c/N/1YkvWzunb#aE’yo6揇'=w!X)P+"V!~R-ٱ02cHLh^n&o «ZK1ĺMP;阋n+qI5企J, Q2Pb׍m /Ja>$"% 6ILC¨/~ To?⥔9^2鿣q& H#mt;֡YAnк{jiY5zu)JQ. |-iaoR09/uxm({Kub<fYm8|ila]A.5r]q_x@vɫ×yz٨8\*bM#>2(,w6VX+~He7O #H]mwc8D$ȓ j,vR\f%D\?3s!T2R~PUGKTuu[!iU|Z.&݁I1X(*0s!0mC|>xbu'r#żK>6#KT$[ty[8{l8ͣeI<Y}%7@Nd\D%zgTUKFI2K'%mf6MyPS[5>}2Kб$ ݕ̋şC?pF}xwRstܛ,lbC^5~kdzA}#7"$S;Ul\-Ueb\NQ)iTl|،]mf:jG`nfUi[fg6z[ i%–^NІ\m]+"d N}xg9C7.pMjZ7 tA*˺!ܘFn9=JL㠋+R]Ȉ*2CY'|%P``J]

US Historical Documents

Congressional Declaration of War on Japan

December 8, 1941

JOINT RESOLUTION Declaring that a state of war exists between the Imperial Government of Japan and the Government and the people of the United States and making provisions to prosecute the same.

Whereas the Imperial Government of Japan has committed unprovoked acts of war against the Government and the people of the United States of America:

Therefore be it Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
That the state of war between the United States and the Imperial Government of Japan which has thus been thrust upon the United States is hereby formally declared;
and the President is hereby authorized and directed to employ the entire naval and military forces of the United States and the resources of the Government to carry on war against the Imperial Government of Japan;
and, to bring the conflict to a successful termination, all of the resources of the country are hereby pledged by the Congress of the United States.

Approved, December 8, 1941, 4:10 p.m. E.S.T.

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